Our research shows that adolescent girls are one of the groups most at risk when disasters strike.
As a result of existing gender inequality and discrimination, adolescent girls are more likely to drop out of school, suffer from violence and discrimination, marry early, become pregnant and lose their livelihoods during disasters. In short, disasters stand in the way of girls’ ability to reach their potential and thrive.
Disasters overwhelmingly affect the countries that can least afford to deal with them – 9 out of 10 take place in the developing world.
Girls’ needs overlooked
Get our newsletter to learn about our work with girls Risks faced by children and their communities, both natural and human induced shocks and stresses, are escalating. Increasing vulnerability and exposure, combined with the impacts of climate change and conflict, threaten development progress and the fulfilment of children’s rights.
Adolescent girls are especially vulnerable to disasters as they begin to assume adult responsibilities and roles without the key skills and networks adults have. Moreover, adolescent girls are often overlooked and excluded from protection responses, which fail to address their unique vulnerabilities.
Adolescent girls in crises also tell us they have little to no information about their sexual and reproductive health. They face barriers in accessing services including contraception and menstrual health products.
These issues have devastating effects on girls’ education, making them less likely to access life-saving information, such as where to go in the event of a disaster, or how climate change impacts lives.
2019 Global Refugee Forum
From 16 - 18 December, UN member states will come together in Geneva, Switzerland for the first ever world meeting on refugees.
Earlier this year, a significant step forward was achieved through the historic affirmation of the Global Compact on Refugees. This forum is our opportunity to translate the Compact into action and develop long-term, sustainable solutions for refugees and host communities.
Governments must ensure the needs of children – especially girls – do not fall through the cracks of refugee response efforts. Girls are at greater risk of sexual violence and exploitation; child marriage; being out of school; early pregnancy and childbirth.
Plan International is calling on all parties at the Global Refugee Forum to make concrete steps to address challenges faced by girls, and consider gender, age and diversity lens in all commitments made.
Upholding rights during disasters
We are advocating at global level to ensure the needs and rights of girls are included in disasters policy and programmes. This includes changing attitudes that cause gender-based violence, providing comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services and ensuring economic opportunities.
Following emergencies, we support girls’ immediate needs and their rights. After the Nepal earthquakes in 2015 we introduced adolescent-friendly spaces. These spaces keep girls safe and allow them to openly discuss key issues such as sexual health. They also allow the needs of girls who are married, pregnant or young mothers to be addressed in a secure environment.
Addressing adolescent girls’ specific needs is essential to reduce the impact of crises and ensure girls are able to thrive.