How to stay safe online | Plan International Skip to main content

We understand that knowing how to protect yourself online can seem overwhelming. So we’ve compiled some helpful resources to get you started.

  • Safe Sisters is an online organisation that provides info on digital security and how to protect yourself online. Check out their guide, available in English, Burmese and Kiswahili.
  • Luchadoras is a feminist internet platform, which provides info on online safety. Check out their digital security toolkit. (In Spanish. Use Google Chrome to translate into French or English.)
  • Ciberseguras provides tips and spaces for campaigners to organise safely online. (In Spanish).
  • COVID-19 has forced us all to move more of our lives online. This increases the risk of harassment and exploitation. Check out Amnesty International’s How to stay safe online during the COVID-19 crisis for up-to-date advice. 

What is online abuse/harassment?

Online violence or abuse is when an individual or group creates a hostile environment with the goal of shaming, degrading, intimidating or silencing individuals. Online abuse not only violates an individual’s right to live free from violence and to participate online, but also undermines their democratic and public engagement.

What is online gender-based violence?

According to Luchadoras the most common forms of tech-related violence against women are:

  • Doxing - unauthorised control or access to personal information and manipulation
  • Monitoring, surveillance and cyberstalking
  • Verbal, sexual and physical threats
  • Dismissing and attacking credibility of content
  • Trolling - online hate speech and discriminatory language
  • Cyber-exploitation and ‘revenge-porn’ 
  • Slut-shaming and sexual objectification
  • Censorship and government imposed internet shutdowns
  • Dismissal from power-holders on the seriousness of the violence/ harassment

Organisations working towards online safety

Here is a list of organisations and networks from all over the world who are taking action against online gender-based harassment. 


AccessNow Defending and extending the digital rights of users at risk around the world.


Association for Progressive Communication Working to build a world in which all people have easy, equal and affordable access to the creative potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to improve their lives and create more democratic and egalitarian societies.
  Amnesty International The global human rights organisation offers courses on digital security and online safety. 
  Feminist Principles of the Internet A series of statements that offer a gender and sexual rights lens on critical internet-related rights - available in several languages.
  Internews Internews helps local communities use policy, technology, and data to access the information they need and make their voices heard.
  XYZ XYZ is a space for practical tools to navigate digital security and privacy from a gender perspective, learn from each other's activism, inspire one another and co-create.


African Feminism A pan-African feminists digital platform and collaborative writing project
  Digital Society of Africa Working to strengthen the resilience and ability of frontline activists; human rights defenders and other at-risk groups in the region to independently recognize and respond to digital threats and attacks. 
  Women of Uganda Network  Promoting and supporting the use of ICTs by women and women's organisations in Uganda, to help them effectively address national and local problems of sustainable development. 


7amleh A non-profit NGO that aims to empower Palestinian and Arab civil society in digital advocacy, by building professional capabilities, defending digital rights, and building effective media campaigns. (In Arabic)
  Gendering Surveillance by the Internet Democracy Project in India Through research, advocacy and debate, the Internet Democracy Project works for an Internet that supports freedom of expression, democracy and social justice, in India and beyond.
  Hamara Internet Empower women and girls to thrive in digital space and learn to defend themselves in an increasingly Internet-connected world.

Latin America

HackBlossom A DIY guide to feminist cybersecurity. Fiercely dedicated to establishing a culture of safe, accessible, and enriching technology free from exploitation.


Luchadoras Helping women, young people and girls live with joy and freedom both physical and digital spaces, aware of their strength and personal and collective potential.
  Minas Programme Promoting programming learning opportunities for girls and women, giving priority to those who are black or indigenous. Challenging the gender and racial stereotypes that influence our relationship with science, technology and computing.
  Take Back the Tech A global, collaborative campaign project that highlights the problem of tech-related violence against women, together with research and solutions from different parts of the world. 


European Women’s Lobby Bringing together the women’s movement in Europe to influence the general public and European Institutions in support of women’s human rights and equality.
  Fix the Glitch Working towards ending online abuse and increasing digital citizenship. 
  Hollaback Working to end harassment in all its forms, offering training in harassment prevention and bystander intervention.
  Internet Society  Dedicated to ensuring that the Internet stays open, transparent and defined by you.
  Pen America At the intersection of literature and human rights to protect free expression.

Please note: Plan International is not responsible for the content of other sites.

How is online abuse linked to offline gender-based violence?

The threats, abuse and attacks women experience online are real, harmful and directly linked to the broader issue of gender-based violence. Online harassment is a continuation of the discriminatory attitudes that lead to street harassment, and the broader inequalities that girls face in their societies.

The same patterns of silencing, intimidation, shaming, threats and violence that girls and women face offline are replicated by perpetrators online. Technology exposes girls and women to a wide range of harassment in addition to the harassment that they face on the street.

Online harassment is an issue that cannot be escaped or simply ‘turned off’. That's why it's vital we take steps to protect ourselves online. But girls can't end online harassment alone - they need allies. They need social media companies to take the issue of online abuse seriously - improve reporting mechanisms and hold perpetrators to account. 

Girls are calling for an end to online abuse. Help stop harassment on social media by signing young activists' open letter!
Sign the open to stand with girls against online abuse

Girls from across the globe have written a letter to the major social media platforms asking them to take action on online abuse and harassment. Sign the letter in solidarity with girls today so girls are #FreeToBeOnline.