Preventing child and human trafficking and promoting safe migration in Nepal

Preventing child and human trafficking, improving repatriation and supporting survivors.

Youth ambassadors take part in an anti-trafficking session
Youth ambassadors take part in an anti-trafficking session.

According to the Trafficking in Persons 2019 report from National Human Rights Commissions, 35,000 people were estimated to have been trafficked from Nepal in 2018. Among them, it is estimated that 15,000 were women and 5,000 were children. Human trafficking cases were registered the most in Bagmati Province where 98% of the survivors were female.

Our objectives

Prevention, Tracking, Education, and Transformation (ProTEcT) is a multi-year comprehensive project to stop child and human trafficking in Nepal, run by Plan International Nepal and Plan India.  The main goals of the project are to work alongside children, families and communities in Nepal to:

  1. Strengthen prevention mechanisms against child trafficking
  2. Improve the repatriation process
  3. Support the safe reintegration of survivors.

The project is being implemented in Sunsari, Makwanpur, and Banke districts of Nepal. Banke and Sunsari share their borders with India making them prone to human trafficking.

How we work

The project achieves its objectives by:

  • Engaging with communities through social and behavior change sessions
  • Providing economic opportunities to survivors and vulnerable groups
  • Lobbying with stakeholders such as government agencies and cross-border mechanisms to stop trafficking.

One of the keys to achieving the outcomes of the project is mobilising young people in their communities. They are trained on anti-trafficking awareness and given tools and resources to share their knowledge. Online platforms have given them a place to organise their campaigning and gain knowledge. Now these young people have become youth ambassadors against trafficking in their communities. 

Bhagwat Ghimire, a Ward Chairperson, says, “There has been change in structure but the mindset of people has not changed. It is believed that everything needs to be done by the local government, however resources are limited despite the desire for change. All stakeholders must come together for change and accountability. Youths also need to have the change mindset. We are happy we have provided space for our youths to have information and resource centres. I hope it will enable them digitally and could unleash further opportunities.”

Maya and Udaya chatbot graphic

Maya chatbot

The behaviour change products were developed by the character-based story telling of “Maya and Udaya”.

Maya chatbot is an artificial intelligence tool people can use to talk about human trafficking and unsafe migration. It is Facebook Messenger-based and is embedded on the Maya Facebook page.

High usage of social media in Nepal makes Facebook an ideal platform to raise awareness about human trafficking.

There are 4 key features of the Maya chatbot:

  1. Information on human trafficking, unsafe migration and online safety
  2. Interactive stories that lead to different conclusions based on the choices users make
  3. Animated videos
  4. A quiz to test the user’s knowledge.

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