Plan staff blog on our work with children across the world.
8 August 2014: The Philippines is known for its more than 7,000 tropical islands inhabited by different groups of Filipinos speaking about 170 native languages. From the tourism department’s point of view, this magnificent geography and cultural diversity, buoyed by the people’s fun-loving spirit, comprises the country’s unique selling point. It is more fun in the Philippines*, after all.
While this diversity is indeed worth celebrating, it continues to pose a huge challenge for the government to make sure that everyone in the population, which hit 100 million on 27 July* is counted and has their birth registered.
It’s a similar story in other countries across Asia and the rest of the world where some 350 million indigenous peoples live, often on the fringes of society, both literally and figuratively.
The theme for this year’s International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples on 9 August is “Bridging the gap: Implementing the rights of indigenous peoples.”
In a country like the Philippines, where indigenous groups continue to be among the most disadvantaged in the population, to “bridge the gap” means, firstly, making sure everyone is counted and visible.
To date there is no official figure on the number of indigenous peoples in the Philippines. Estimates range somewhere between 14 to 17 million people* or between 10 to 20%* of the total population. What we do know, though, is that wherever indigenous peoples live, they are among the poorest and least educated.
Although the situation greatly varies from the north to the south, most indigenous peoples in the Philippines continue to face exclusion from political processes and economic and social development. They occupy some of the most remote areas in the country, far from the reach of government services.
As in other parts of the indigenous world, such exclusion is intimately related to the loss of ancestral lands and traditional ways of living, displacement due to armed conflicts and disasters, and confrontations with pressures to conform to the dominant culture.
In terms of birth registration, most provinces where indigenous peoples live have birth registration rates that are much lower than the national figure, which as of 2010 is at 88%. In the region of Muslim Mindanao, the rate is as low as 25%; in the Cordillera Region, where the indigenous community I am part of is located, the rate is 96%!
This striking inequality becomes more interesting when compared to data on human development in the same areas. Data shows* that provinces with higher Human Development Index (HDI) scores (i.e. people are generally more educated, have better access to health services and have higher standards of living) have higher birth registration rates. This suggests a potentially complex link – to be exact, 'A Complex Story'– between birth registration, social development and human rights – in the Philippines and beyond.
The challenge to count every child therefore entails focusing on those who are most marginalised and most vulnerable – those who are, at present, invisible. For an organisation like Plan, this means continuing to reach out to indigenous communities, particularly those who live in geographically isolated and disadvantaged areas, to make sure that each birth is registered.
At the same time, we will continue calling for a responsive and rights-based national civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system to be put in place.
The good news is that the Philippines government, with support from development partners, is taking important steps to “get everyone in the picture”*. The Philippines was one of 4 countries selected to present national CRVS investment plans at a global meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in April.
For development partners, there was the National Civil Society Forum on CRVS, which Plan co-hosted on 7-8 August. The event aimed to consolidate grassroots support for CRVS, specifically to strengthen the policy environment for CRVS towards the protection, promotion and fulfillment of the rights of every Filipino.
I can sum up all these efforts to make every indigenous person visible as celebrating diversity, addressing inequalities and guaranteeing rights. When we know with precision how many indigenous people there are, where they live and what their situation is, we will be better equipped to implement needed programmes to “bridge the gap”.
Read about Plan’s global birth registration work
Find out more about International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, via the UN website*
*Plan is not responsible for the content on external websites.
31 July 2014: Just back from Brazil, I have a rich and diverse set of images in my head as I reflect upon my visit to 2 cities – São Paulo and São Luis.
One is a city of 20 million people in the south; the other in the north east, at the heart of a long-standing Plan programme unit, where increasing prosperity cannot disguise the poverty that lies in its rural areas.
Brazil is a continent, not a country. It takes most of a day to travel from São Paulo to São Luis, including around 4 hours in the air.
Plan is now beginning to develop health programmes in some of the poorest districts of São Paulo, in partnership with NIVEA. This is very exciting, and a welcome legacy of the global partnership that Plan brokered with NIVEA some 4 years ago. This is new ground for Plan, in new areas of this vast city.
In São Luis, I saw another impressive corporate partnership, which is in its second stage. The Young Health Programme focuses on sexual and adolescent health, and is funded by Astra Zeneca. Describing it so factually does nothing to convey its vigour and energy, which blew me away.
We enter a meeting space – an intersection of classrooms – at the Dayse Galvão School in the Vila Embratel community. The audience of young teenagers is expectant, waiting to see a theatrical production using a makeshift puppet theatre – the set for fictional Radio Plan!
The radio show's plot invites young listeners to ask questions about birth control. The first action is a hilarious puppet show with wild presenters and mad doctors. But soon the puppeteers leave the safety of the wacky puppet theatre and turn up to conduct live interviews with their audience.
There is song and dance, and no subject is taboo. Moving with some style from the case for birth control, the largely female cast tackle how to use condoms (both male and female versions), including practical demonstrations involving members of the audience.
One student – a male heartthrob – is persuaded to show his technique. Gales of embarrassed laughter engulf the audience as he is told off for ripping open the condom packet with his teeth.
A model vagina is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the female condom. Then audience members burst a set of balloons containing sexual health questions and have to answer them in front of their peers. This is audience engagement with no hiding place, but delivered with good humour tackling powerful issues.
I have seen theatre used in some parts of Plan to tackle child marriage and HIV and AIDS, but this production has the audience entranced. It is so near the edge, and performed without artifice or self-consciousness. Making sex and its related health issues so real and so funny is a whole league better than addressing them through formal teaching and textbooks.
After the show, we get a chance to talk to the cast and the health facilitators who spread the message among the young people of São Luis. The female members of the cast talk about how they persuaded their parents to let them take part. They tell us how the experience has improved relationships within their families at a time when friction can often be the order of the day.
One mother talks movingly of how proud she is of her 2 daughters for having the courage to perform this kind of material in schools and community centres.
The next generation of health facilitators will soon be taking over from this cast, and you can see them taking confidence from the stories they hear.
We can measure the number of young people reached by this project (which runs into tens of thousands in the São Luis area). But, for me, equally as powerful as the numbers is how our programmes create leaders among young people, with the confidence to tackle difficult subjects in front of their peers.
Articulate and knowledgeable, they left everyone thinking about the guts it took to do that. It made me and the Plan Brazil team proud of how we are helping to increase vital knowledge of sexual and health issues.
And we are supporting a generation who need that knowledge to navigate the challenges of being an adolescent in modern day Brazil.
Read about Plan’s global work on sexual health
Learn more about Plan’s work in Brazil
23 July 2014: I am just as shocked and saddened by the kidnapping of the girls in Nigeria today as I was 100 days ago. And I have no doubt you feel the same, but the question is how does the world keep the momentum and energy up to help get the girls safely released?
At Plan we have worked with many of our partners to campaign for their release, along with millions of other people around the world but they have not been released. As such we all need to reflect on the last 100 days of campaigning and what we can do better to make sure the girls are returned home safely.
Here are my top 5 reflections on the campaigning work we have seen around the world over the last 100 days.
1. Yes, assess risk - but do it quickly
Wow - there was a lot of unnecessary delays in responding to the kidnapping. Yes there is a risk in speaking out strongly on such a sensitive situation. But this is the time the world needs leadership. Assess risk smartly but do it quickly, there are hundreds of lives at stake. I know of many institutions and organisations which took over 2 weeks to speak out against the kidnapping. That is too long.
2. Don't change the story
This is mostly a point to the media who within days were looking for a different angle to report the kidnapping. It became an opportunity to criticise the Nigerian government and president - who instantly worked up a new safe school initiative with the UN Special Envoy for Global Education - for pretty much anything.
Innocent girls were kidnapped while trying to go to school and their lives are at risk - that is the point and as soon as the coverage moves away from this people disengage from what is really at stake and the momentum is lost.
3.Target the right people
You see time and time again in the campaigning world people developing actions and calls which are directed at the wrong people. The current and future safety of the girls lies predominantly in the hands of people who live in Nigeria.
Yes we live in a global world and global leaders can have an impact, but only by working with people in power in Nigeria. Don’t target campaigning work at people who do not have the ability to bring about the change we want to see.
4. Support other campaigners
Over the second half of the 100 days we have seen a lot of criticism about #BringBackOurGirls. Let’s be clear this hashtag raised awareness of the situation to millions of people around the world. Nobody ever claimed a hashtag would set the girls free but it is an important part of the solution.
It has done more to maintain the continued support for the girls than anything else I have seen – including being an engagement tool which brought Michelle Obama into the discussions. We all want the same result so let’s get behind all the campaigning actions people are doing.
5. Don't give up
Change can take time and it can also happen when you least expect it. There are always things going on behind closed doors and it is our job as campaigners to keep up the external support and pressure so negotiators feel empowered by the backing of the global community.
It is great to see the amazing work taking place around the world today to re-engage people 100 days on, such as the vigils being organised around the world by A World At School and through our Because I am a Girl campaign, which will continue to raise awareness and put pressure on the right people to see the girls returned home safely.
I urge you to join us; don’t give up. If you want some ideas check out our campaigning toolkit.
These are just my reflections, but what do you think of the campaigning so far? And what are you going to do next? Let us know using #BringBackOurGirls so we can all keep the momentum going together.
Read more about Plan's call for action to #BringBackOurGirls
Join Plan's Because I am a Girl campaign
23 July 2014: Around the world, girls and women are forced to live with the consequences of female genital mutilation (FGM) and early marriage.
Although Kenya has made strides in outlawing FGM, child marriage and protecting children’s rights, the practise is still rampant.
Often motivated by cultural beliefs, FGM leads to early marriage and health complications and is forced upon girls aged 7 to 12.
In Kenya, FGM is a criminal offence under the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act 2011 - a step in the right direction towards completely ending the harmful practise. However, girls and women are too often under strong social pressure and risk victimisation and stigma if they refuse to be cut.
I listened to amazing stories from girls who had refused the cut and risked alienation from their family and community and those who were cut at an early age without knowing what was happening to them. Women opened up at the Girl Summit Kenya, which was hosted by the British High Commissioner to Nairobi Dr Christian Turner in conjunction with UNICEF and UNFPA.
The summit in Nairobi, which focused on FGM and child marriage, galvanised support in preparation for the *. It emerged that Kenya has one of the highest child marriage prevalence in the world, estimated to be 25 to 30%.
The Girl Summit is helping to drive momentum towards this unique opportunity that we have to end these harmful practises within a generation. If we do not act now, 824,000 girls born between 2005 and 2010 will be married before the age of 18 by 2030.
Your dowry is my inheritance
Sadly, we live in a society where as a woman you must prove your worth unlike men who are valued by birth. Most girls drop out of school at a very early age because their parents cannot educate them, reason – they are girls and the only value attached to them is in goats and cows – as bride price.
This is the case in Marimanti, a village in central Kenya where girls are treated as a source of income and fetch 48 goats when they are married. With such retrogressive cultures, most girls can only dream of a life as homemakers without knowing what could have become of them or the great opportunities in life. What then happens to future generations?
Some of the traditions girls and women have to go through to earn respect in some of the communities across the globe are dehumanising. So much has been said and continues to be said on FGM and its detrimental effects.
This practise is condemned by many yet still remains deep rooted in some communities. So entrenched is the culture that any reference to ‘backwardness’ is music to the ears of those practising it. Closely linked to the practise is child marriage.
The sad truth is that girls who undergo the cut more often than not abandon school and are made to believe that they are mature enough to manage men in marriage. Worse still, a girl who is cut is valued more and the bride price is higher.
Religion as a catalyst
I recently visited some ‘agents of change’, and had the pleasure of meeting Rev Mathinja Nduyo from one of the largest churches in Marimanti. The Reverend takes a religious angle to tackling the issue of FGM and brings the community together to dispel the myths surrounding the practise.
Value is placed on marriage and girls who are not married are often despised by the villagers, including women. This affects the girls psychologically, making them opt for the cut just to ‘fit in’. Religious leaders have come together to condemn the practise and relentlessly include its detriments in sermons and pre-marital counselling sessions.
Education is power
Many Kenyan girls are being denied the freedom to control their future – by not getting an education. It is well known that education is slowly changing attitudes and influencing the choice to have the cut.
However, many girls from underserved communities have challenges in completing their education therefore miss out on the opportunities open to others in respect to acquisition of knowledge and skills.
Plan Kenya not only works with communities to see the end of such harmful practices, but has also worked tirelessly to build the knowledge reservoirs to individuals, groups and community members.
Plan Kenya fulfils its mandate by engaging different sectors of the community in advocating for structures and mechanisms that address people’s rights. Part of our work is to engage the community and empower it to make the right choices – those that give the best chance for girls and boys to reach their full potential.
At the end of the Girl Summit Kenya we were asked to pledge what we could do to end FGM and early marriage.
Plan Kenya pledges to link up with many strong groups and do more than we currently do to enable communities to have the knowledge to abandon this practise and pursue alternative rites of passage within one generation.
Read about Plan's work in Kenya
* Plan is not responsible for the content on external websites
Syrian refugee children in Egypt are living a life of misery, despair and challenging school conditions, blogs Arjimand Hussain, Emergency Response Manager for Plan International.
21 July 2014: Sitting on the sands of the Mediterranean sea in Alexandria on a warm evening, Nada, 11, asks her mother if they’ll be returning to Syria. Her mother is non-committal: "Yes of course, my dear, very soon."
In reality, Syrian children like Nada may not be able to go back, as Syria's conflict rages on. Marooned in Egypt, they miss their families, homes and schools.
Nada often points her finger in the direction of the sea towards Syria, where her father was left behind. Back home she would play on a similar beach with her friends. But Nada's life is different now.
Leaving everything behind
A refugee in Alexandria, separated from everything she loved back home, she shares a rented flat in a crowded city neighbourhood with 12 other people, including some of their former Syrian neighbours. Nada attends a local public school, which she says is too crowded, with a syllabus and learning methods quite different from her school in Syria.
When Nada and her mother escaped from their northern Syria town, there was intense fighting all around. "The girl was horrified, she was shivering, crying and held me tightly," her mother recalls.
Nada's father promised he would join them once they reached Egypt. "But he never comes," Nada mumbles in a distraught voice. She looks pale and is clearly anaemic, as her mother doesn't have enough money to provide her with good food.
Due to the difference in accents, Nada isn't able to communicate with her Egyptian classmates. She has no friends either. She only has one wish: to go back home and rejoin her school, which may not exist anymore.
School drop out risk
Like hundreds of other Syrian refugee children in Egypt, she may drop out of the school if not supported. The schooling grants provided by the UN Refugee Agency to registered vulnerable children have already been cut by half.
"She isn't able to follow the lessons at school. She says she doesn't like to sit in huddled classrooms. The toilets in schools are too dirty and not girl-friendly. She is too distracted and her behaviour has changed," says her mother.
Nada is just one of thousands of Syrian children facing tremendous challenges in coping with refugee life in Egypt. Although the government of Egypt has allowed Syrian children to enrol in public schools, their access is hampered by lack of resources for fees, school books, uniforms, high student-to-teacher ratio and shortage of basic amenities in public schools. Some school drop outs have even started working to contribute towards the family income.
Vital refugee support
The charity I work for, Plan International, is supporting children like Nada to go back to school and supporting Syrian families with fees and other school materials for their children.
Plan will also be supporting remedial classes for Syrian children to follow up lessons and better understand the Egyptian Arabic accent. We’ll also offer training of school teachers to make them embrace more student-friendly techniques, and open-day school activities will seek to provide Syrian and Egyptian children opportunities to engage in sports and recreational activities, thus promoting socialisation and free expression.
Plan is also organising psychosocial support for children and their families. Some livelihood activities for women, young men and girls are also planned to help family incomes and boost social integration and normalisation.
With most public schools running out of space and necessary amenities, Plan aims to start community schools for Syrian children – as a means to get them special attention for coping with the new curriculum and accent.
Still, much more remains to be done for girls like Nada, and their families.
Read more about Plan’s work in Egypt
11 July 2014: World Population Day: Imagine a typical family photo. You've got mum and dad there, looking happy and proud. You have the kids with their beaming smiles, all cheerful and mischievous. It's a happy moment, captured in time, everyone in their rightful place, everyone accounted for.
Looking at that family picture, you can clearly see how many of them there are. If you're the one in charge of their wellbeing, you have a good idea of how big their house needs to be, how much food they probably go through in a week, who is going to school and who is going to be looking for a job soon – all from that picture.
But let's imagine one of the family members is suddenly not in the picture. Imagine little Maria vanishes, leaving an empty, unfilled space. She's still somewhere, but she's not in the photo. We think we can see everyone, but someone's missing. Again, if you're the one responsible for looking after that family, how could you make that child count without being able to count her?
Planning for populations
That's the kind of question we need to ask ourselves as we look towards the post-2015 development agenda, beyond the completion of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) next year. But we aren't talking about just one family, we are talking about entire populations. That picture is like the systems countries have in place to monitor major life events like births, deaths and marriages.
These civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems give governments the data they need to be able to plan for the present and future needs of everyone living in a country.
Got a lot of school-age children in the north but not enough schools, teachers, books? Time to do something about that. Are a lot of people dying from polio in the south? Could be an outbreak. You'll need to make sure you have enough health centres, doctors and vaccines in order to contain it.
There are huge benefits for everyone if governments can get a firm hold of when, where and how many people are born and die. This information is invaluable as it informs decisions on everything from where you need to build schools to what vaccines are required to where infrastructure should be developed.
You might think that this problem isn't that widespread, yet the stats don't lie: more than 100 developing countries around the world don't have efficient, well-function CRVS systems. This has led to a situation today in which 230 million children under the age of 5 are invisible because they haven’t had their births registered. Their governments don't even know they exist.
Those 230 million children will grow up in a world in which it is becoming increasingly important to be able to prove who and how old you are. If your birth has not been registered, this creates barriers to obtaining the legal identity that can open the door to all manner of services and opportunities.
If you want a job in the formal sector you're going to have to prove who you are. If you're trying to get a passport you're going to need your birth certificate. In some countries, children whose births have been registered can't even go to school.
Of course the reality and context is different from one country to the next, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution, but what we do know is that unregistered births further marginalise groups of people who are already struggling, such as ethnic minorities or migrant workers.
Birth registration gives individuals documentary evidence to prove their legal identity and family relationships, which can be important for accessing essential services. This also has implications for other ensuing rights and empowering activities, like political participation, recourse to justice, nationality, property ownership, opening a bank account, higher education and inheritance.
7 billion people?
Today, on World Population Day, we have a global population of more about 7 billion people – or do we? We aren't properly counting people so we're not making these people count. As we look beyond 2015 and the end of the MDGs, CRVS systems are crucial for achieving and monitoring development targets, especially those related to maternal and infant mortality.
With a strong emphasis on governance, accountability, health and legal identity, we will be on the right path, but improving CRVS systems cannot wait another moment. We are calling on all – governments and development partners – to ramp up investment, knowledge sharing and awareness so we can ensure all countries have well-functioning, efficient and rights-based CRVS systems.
It's time to get everyone in the picture.
Find out more about Plan’s work on birth registration
It's official - the world will fail to achieve universal primary education by 2015. Governments must step up and deliver on their promises, blogs UN and Plan UK youth representative David Crone.
9 July 2014: Our fears have been confirmed. There is no chance that every child will be in primary education by the end of 2015. The promise that governments made in 2000 will officially be broken.
This harsh reality should not disempower any of us. The global failure of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 2 is, in many ways, the result of 7 lost years. The last 7 years - in which progress on access was negligible, in which aid to education fell, and in which governments grew lethargic and momentum slowed.
This failure should not snatch away our hope: it should shock and outrage us – it should make our voices louder, and further strengthen our resolve to cure this injustice. Now is not the time for complacency but for urgent and strategic action.
We’re currently wide of our target by about 58 million children, 1 million more than we were last year. The fact that governments cannot now physically get out-of-school numbers to zero does not mean they shouldn’t be trying their absolute best to get as close to it as they possibly can. As advocates, we need to make that happen.
Asia leads the way
Credit must be given where it is due. Amongst all this inertia and stagnation, some developing countries, especially in West and South Asia, have worked hard to keep their promise, translating their verbal commitments into tangible change. 17 countries have reduced their out-of-school populations by more than 90% in total in just over 10 years.
We can and should applaud them for their efforts – but, as they become more prosperous and socially developed nations, their investment will continue to pay dividends for long after our applause has died down.
By abolishing school fees, working meticulously on teacher training and education quality, designing relevant and inclusive curricula and investing in opportunities for the most marginalised – and especially girls – they’ve come a long way. They have shown it can be done.
The most practical and meaningful thing that other developing countries can do now – and especially the ones in sub-Saharan Africa where the largest out-of-school populations reside – is to learn the valuable lessons from the experiences of those countries that have been at the forefront of progress.
They must work to replicate their successes and use their proven strategies in their own countries and amidst their own unique, national contexts. They need to recognise the progress that has been made as evidence that with political will, financial commitment and the right techniques, great gains can be made and our goals can be met.
Plan is committed to helping them do that. In addition to spending €402 million on education programmes over the next 4 years, we will be working with developing country governments to help strengthen their education systems – making them more inclusive, gender-sensitive, accountable and effective.
Through partnership of non-governmental organisations, international organisations and governments, we can strengthen developing country capacity to respond to the learning crisis and make progress at a faster pace and on a larger scale.
As a child-centred organisation, Plan is passionate about youth leadership. Another way that Plan, alongside the United Nations Secretary-General’s Education First Initiative Youth Advocacy Group, of which I am a part, is working to ignite real change is by providing young people around the world with the tools they need to apply pressure to their government and to hold them accountable for their commitments.
The youth advocacy toolkit has been designed by and for young people, drawing upon our experiences advocating from the grassroots to the international stage. We are working to support youth all over the globe to tell their governments that the painfully slow pace of progress we’ve seen for the last 7 years is simply not acceptable – to show them that, as the key stakeholders in the classroom, they deserve to be listened to, and as the citizens of tomorrow, their ambitions must be realised.
Translating words into actions
On 26 June, at the replenishment conference for the Global Partnership for Education (GPE), developing countries committed to mobilise $26 billion of their own, domestic resources, allocating it to the education of their people. This is unprecedented: a massive 25% increase on the last conference, and an excellent start of the next chapter of our journey to getting every child into school.
But actions speak louder than words. For the girl whose once vibrant ambitions have been shattered by the realities of child marriage, words mean little. For the boy locked out of the classroom by the need to work and support his family, promises have come and gone. For the children whose fees are unaffordable or whose teacher hasn’t been properly trained – for the children who have been trapped in a cycle of poverty by the global community’s failure – yet another promise, made at the GPE replenishment or within the post-2015 agenda – will provide little comfort and invoke little faith.
Time to get down to business
If the Global Partnership for Education had a dollar for every time the words ‘access’, ‘quality’ and ‘equity’ were mentioned at a conference or summit, it would have enough money today to meet its replenishment target.
Practically every minister seated around the table on 26 June uttered these words in their remarks. Developing countries have shown they are really willing to step up, but now it’s time to get down to business.
Now it’s time for action, for governments to follow through: to spend funds wisely and effectively, prioritise what we know works to boost access and improve quality, and put equity and inclusivity at the heart of their education systems.
If they don’t, I fear that in 2030 I will find myself writing a very similar blog post.
Take action - join Plan’s Because I am a Girl campaign for girls’ education
Young people are at the heart of Plan’s work – including how it governs itself. For Kamanda from Sierra Leone, taking part in Plan’s Members’ Assembly – the organisation’s highest decision-making body – has boosted his confidence to become a leader.
1 July 2014: My name is Kamanda and I am from Port Loko, Sierra Leone. I am part of the Global Youth Advisory Panel for Plan and recently participated in the June 2014 meeting with the Members' Assembly (MA), along with my USA colleague Sara.
I'm very impressed with the way Plan enables young people to take part in its internal decision making, especially since I am the first youth delegate from a country office to meet with the MA – the highest decision-making body of Plan.
Plan leads the way
To me, Plan is the first international non-governmental organisation to involve us – the young people – in this way. These decisions affect our lives, so Plan is really showing that they work with and for young people, and that our voices are valued.
As Plan’s Deputy Country Director for Sierra Leone, Farai Zisengwe, said: "To me, young people are the customers – tell us what we can deliver to you. Instead of the young people waiting for the bread in the shop, we are saying 'come join us in the bakery'."
The Members' Assembly
The MA is such an interesting platform, discussing and taking decisions that affect the whole federation. I have learnt a lot about how the federation works in terms of governance and management, in terms of Plan’s international headquarters, national organisations, regional and country offices. And I think it's really important having us as youth observers intervening there like adults do.
Before the meeting, I worked with the Global Youth Advisory Panel to develop ideas about the issues we would like to intervene on. We then discussed these with Tjipke (Deputy CEO) and Ellen (Chair of the MA), who helped us form the questions.
Sara and I made several interventions on agenda items, including the budget, gifts in kind policy, and the brand. I felt our interventions were well received and sparked discussion, and I sincerely hope that the MA felt our presence and participation was useful.
What I have learnt
To me, the MA is an avenue for basic training on leadership. I found it really inspiring, and it has given me the confidence to speak with and discuss issues with high profile people.
In my country, colleagues and other community people have come to respect me because they see the way I interact with high profile people. In fact, some say "Kamanda, you are born a leader".
I have gained so much experience and confidence that I think I can participate very well in forums in my country where important decisions are made (the House of Parliament, for example).
I really enjoy working with Plan, and I would always like to continue working with and for young people – even when I achieve my dream of becoming an accountant. As well as my general experience of Plan's governance and management, attending the MA has given me a basic knowledge of preparing and managing global accounts. Cheers to Plan!
I hope that other young people also get involved in Plan's work. If we all speak up, we can make a difference. Let's come together as a force and speak with one voice. With our voice, we can transform the world!
Read Plan USA Youth Advisory Board member Sara's post on the Plan USA blog
Learn more about Plan’s child participation work
26 June 2014: Today in Brussels ministers of education and finance from developing countries, donors and international organisations will decide the fate of the world's 57 million out-of-school children.
Hosted by the European Commission, governments from around the world will make their financial pledge to the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) - a pooled fund at arms length of the World Bank that directs much needed investment into developing public education provision in the world’s poorest countries.
Since 2003, the GPE has disbursed over US$3.7 billion in grants to 59 countries such as Niger, Pakistan and Malawi to strengthen and extend education opportunities to the world’s poorest and most marginalised children.
Demand outstripping funds
Yet, with close to US$1.3 billion in grant requests from country partners to support the implementation of their education sector plans in 2013 alone, the GPE is facing higher than expected demand that is far outstripping its supply of funds.
Former Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, current chair of the GPE, has said the fund needs to secure at least US$3.5 billion of pledges for the period 2015 to 2018 in order to deliver on the increased ambition of many countries and the growing demand for education.
US$3.5 billion would be a good start, but still modest, compared to the current financing gap in education estimated by UNESCO to be around US$36 billion. Civil society is calling on donors to contribute a minimum of US$4 billion to the GPE.
Education financing crisis
Global leaders must take the opportunity this replenishment round provides to halt this education financing crisis. All delegations should display their commitment to education - not with more words - but with investment.
Developing country governments need to examine State resources in order to move to spending upwards of 20% of national budgets on education, with at least 50% of this for basic education and improving all aspects of the quality of education.
To get there, governments should review budgeting practices and choices, ensuring appropriate policies to deter corruption and wasteful spending, strengthen domestic tax bases, and capture wealth from natural resources for investment in vital public services like education and health.
On the donor side, governments must increase the aid they spend on education, reversing the 10% decline between 2010 and 2012. Donor governments must also provide better aid, spending less for example on scholarships to study in their own countries.
The GPE and the World Bank should do more to ensure education becomes a beneficiary of innovative financing for development, which amounted to over US$50 billion between 2000 and 2008. The private sector should embrace the benefits of a global pooled fund for education that supports national education sector plans and significantly increase funding to public education systems.
For all, the case for investing in education is clear. Research shows that the estimated economic gain from achieving universal primary education exceeds the estimated increase in public spending required to achieve it.
The research found that a country such as The Gambia loses about 10% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as a result of having a high number of out-of-school children. In Mali and Nigeria, the projected cost of out of school children is over 2 years of average GDP growth.
Every country’s future is linked to its children
Every country’s future is inextricably linked to the future of its children. Every child’s future is inextricably linked to the education they receive. However figures from UNESCO show that at current rates, universal completion of primary education will only be achieved by poor rural girls in sub-Saharan Africa by the year 2086.
This situation is unjust and a huge waste of potential. Supporting education is one of the best investments that can be made to help end poverty. This current crisis in education will only improve if the world - governments, donors, private sector and international organisations - start to take the situation seriously, and invest.
What happens this week in Brussels will be an important signal from global leaders about their commitment to key development and human rights issues and their resolve to work together. The life chances of 57 million children out of school weigh in the balance.
Read about Plan’s 10 days of global action for education and join us as we tweet live from the GPE pledging conference in Brussels.
19 June 2014: The sun is going down and the light in the dank meeting room is fading, but the horror stories keep coming – the darkness seems to fall with the weight of what I am hearing.
I’m in a small town in western Sierra Leone, making a documentary with Shona Hamilton for Plan International looking at why 85% of girls here drop out of secondary school.
So here we are sitting around a table with 9 teenage girls. Each girl recounts her story. Each girl has faced ruthless beatings. Each girl has been forced to have sex. Each girl has been cut (as in female genital cutting). Each girl just wants to go to school.
I’ve been a journalist/film-maker for 20 years and have covered stories in war-ravaged countries like Colombia, Pakistan and Liberia. But I am still overwhelmed by the relentless violence these girls have had to endure in their short lives.
I listen to Plan’s local child protection officer, Esther Eliot, who translates for me and wonder how she can bear repeating their stories to me.
Wadia*, a 15-year-old waif of a girl, who has a scabies-looking skin problem, reveals she is pregnant. As Wadia gets up to leave and the next girl sits down to talk, Esther cannot continue. Her mind can’t leave Wadia, and she needs a break to quickly follow up and check how Wadia can get medical attention.
I am relieved – the girls are given drinks and snacks as we break, but no one says anything. My mind is spinning as I look around at their young faces. All are in uniforms. Some are wearing cute royal blue berets. Their outfits give no clue to their struggle just to go to school.
Child marriage, teenage pregnancy, discrimination, violence – the reasons for dropping out are multiple. But at their root lies poverty. When girls reach the age of 12 or 13 their families feel they should start contributing to the family income. School fees ($15 - $30 per year) are an added expense that many can’t afford.
Girls are so desperate to go to school, they will sell anything: Christiana* sold her mobile phone to pay for shoes and books; Selina* saved for 16 months selling potatoes in the market; Augusta* sells peanuts and butterscotch at break time in school to save up for her final term of school this year.
Some girls even sell their bodies, not as sex workers, but in “transactional sex”, where a man pays for a girl’s schooling, food and often support the whole family, in exchange for sex. As soon as the girl gets pregnant, the man leaves.
Mothers aged 14
Six of the 9 girls I spoke to had given birth at 14 or 15 years old. Too young to understand, girls are duped into believing these are real relationships that could lead to marriage.
“Since I was small, I didn’t have the experience to know whether he really meant what he said. I thought he was going to marry me. I was 15 when I gave birth,” explained Selina.
As we leave that night, I am reeling from their stories of loss, rape and violence, as well as a sense that this is just the tip of the ice-berg – talk to any girl and she will have a similar story to tell. But I am also astounded at the determination of each of these girls to go to school no matter what is thrown at them.
Girl Power – we have no limits!
The next day we’re greeted by a very different scene as 25 girls from the local ‘Girl Power’ group come singing into the room: “We can be doctors, we can be a lawyers, we can be teachers, we have no limits! Women of the nation - we can do what men can do!”
A project set up by Plan, Girl Power sounds like a marketing dream. But it’s more than that – it helps girls become financially independent, and also offers support to girls who have dropped out. Much of this work is done by the girls themselves.
Seventeen-year-old Christiana is president of this group and is one of the girls we interviewed the previous night. Until secondary school, she came top of her class. But her family couldn’t afford to pay for her school fees and married her off to a much older, violent man, who forced her to have sex with him. After 5 months, she managed to escape, and now lives, along with 2 other girls, with a female teacher.
When I ask her where she gets her strength and determination she says softly:
“Sometimes when I am at school, I remember my story and cry. My friends come and ask me why I’m crying but I don’t tell them. But If I see another girl going through the same as me, I tell her not to despair. No situation is permanent, it will come to an end.”
Hear from Christiana and some of the other girls - watch the film ‘Girls Interrupted’
See Christiana in action at the youth takeover of the African Union, calling for increased investment in education